Experts have known as for pressing coverage of wetlands following some other wintry weather with a pointy decline within the choice of migratory water hen in Nepal’s lakes and rivers this 12 months.
Initial result of this 12 months’s fowl census carried out from 2-18 January display a fall in no longer simply the entire choice of water birds, but additionally the species depend – a 3rd 12 months in a row with this type of being worried lower.
The Kosi River recorded a complete of nineteen,522 water birds of 62 species this wintry weather, a lot decrease even than the 21,744 waterfowls of 58 species counted ultimate 12 months. The Jagadishpur Ramsar website online additionally recorded simplest 12,476 water birds towards 15,496 ultimate 12 months.
Birders at Chitwan, Karnali River and Badaiya Lake additionally counted fewer geese, ducks and different migratory species in comparison to earlier years – elevating critical fear concerning the well being of Nepal’s wetlands in addition to the security of the birds. en route from Siberia and Mongolia.
Waterfowls breed, graze and spend maximum in their time in and round Nepal’s lakes and rivers in wintry weather, migrating over the Himalaya. Over 100 species of waterfowls were recorded in Nepal, maximum of them migratory.
However shrinking lakes, destruction of wetlands, pesticide use, obstructions in flight paths, local weather exchange, depleted fish in rivers and lakes in addition to looking alongside migratory routes are the main reasons for the decline.
“Wetland coverage is a should for fowl conservation, for his or her survival, their meals and safe haven,” says Krishna Prasad Bhusal of the Fowl Conservation Nepal. “Waterfowls are a trademark species, they display us the situation of the habitat.”
In January’s fowl census, over 300 enumerators fanned out throughout 60 wetland spots throughout Nepal over a two week length. They didn’t simply depend birds and their species, but additionally gathered details about unlawful looking and habitat destruction.
The excellent news this 12 months had been sightings of new species: the Mandarin Duck in Pokhara, Yellow-billed Duck in Kosi and the Baikal Gairi in Barju Lake and Thopla Chuche Nadun Duck in Jagdishpur.
Nepal’s annual bird count started in 1987 concurrently with different portions of Asia underneath a Wetlands World initiative, which tries to tally the entire choice of waterfowls in Asia on the identical time.
The Division of Nationwide Parks and Natural world Conservation, the Nepal Fowl Conservation Affiliation, and neighborhood teams took phase within the census.
Says ornithologist Hem Sagar Baral of Wetlands World: “With this census we purpose to extend public consciousness about fowl conservation by way of attractive native communities.”
Nepal’s nice ecological variety, a terrain that soars from 70m above sea degree to eight,848m inside of a horizontal distance of not up to 100km signifies that it has greater than 886 fowl species, greater than continental United States.
Of those, greater than 150 are migratory in nature, 60 of them in summer time, when migration is moderately shorter in distance.
Each and every wintry weather, birds from so far as Siberia, Europe, South Africa, Central Asia and East Asia go back and forth to Nepal on the lookout for favorable climate and habitat.
They spend maximum in their time in Kosi Tappu, Bishajari Lake in Chitwan, Jagdishpur, Ghodaghodi Lake in Kailali, Shuklaphanta Lake space and Kosi, Gandaki, Narayani and their tributaries.